All posts by 13jaybee

About 13jaybee

I am working on my Primary Education Teaching degree and loving it!

Week 03: Article summary

In light of the recent suicide by well-known Australian Charlotte Dawson, there are calls for the creation of tougher laws against cyber bullying, namely Charlotte’s Law. The concern is that while Charlotte’s Law may close some gaps in current legislation, Duxbury (2014) indicates that there may still be many gaps and behaviours which will not be criminalised.

Duxbury’s article points out the benefits of social media, the freedom of speech, the ability to promote interesting and in-depth discussions, the ability to create and maintain personal relationships. She also points out that it is the not the application or website that is responsible for the behaviour of its users. For web masters to control or monitor posts may detract from the spontaneous nature of the interactions users want. Similarly, by banning anonymous posts, those with legitimate reasons for hiding their identity would be excluded from the conversation.

Duxbury believes that in the end, it comes back to personal responsibility and good manner. In her view, a lack of empathy is shown by abrupt texts, ritual humiliation, celebrity bashing and “shares” of denigrating material. It is up to each of us to set the standard for acceptable personal behaviour on-line. Don’t post or pass on anything that you would not say to someone’s face. If someone you know posts something you see as harmful or unacceptable, call them on it.

As parents and educations, it is our responsibility to teach our children the responsibilities of being a member of today’s digital society, and ensure they set themselves a high standard of behaviour. Further, we should encourage them to stand up to bullies, both on their own behalf and on behalf of others they see being victimised. Yes, this is a tough one, but only by standing up to bullies can we indicate that their behaviour is not acceptable. As Duxbury says “How would I feel if this was about me?”



Duxbury, J. (6 March 2014). Cyber bullying: easy to perpetrate, hard to stop. Retrieved from

Peer Review

As part of a peer review process, we were asked to review blogs for two other students.  Here are my review documents.



Further, we were asked to reflect on our own blogs based on the reviews of our peers.  The reviews I received are below, followed by my personal reflection on this process.

PeerReview_Jessica_Justine Baker

PeerReview_Emily_Justine Baker


Reflecting on feedback received from peers, I have adjusted some text and added some graphics to my blog. I agree that spelling and grammar, and the addition of images and other media increases the user experience when viewing the blog.

Reviewers commented that weekly tasks were not included in the blog. I believe each weekly topic and associated task was the basis for a weekly reflection on issues surrounding the topic or questions raised for consideration and not necessarily required to be included. So, in this respect, although I have added links to the weekly tasks, I have not adjusted the content of the weekly reflection.

I received a comment that I was well over the word limit. Although I have used more than 200 words in some blog posts, I have tried to remain within a 10% leeway. It is possible that references were included in the word count. Therefore, I have not made adjustments to my posts as I believe that I remain within the recommended guidelines.

In providing feedback for others, it is interesting to note the differing approaches of other students. Consideration of changing my approach crossed my mind, but on viewing the blogs of additional peers, I chose to leave my posts unchanged in this respect.


Skeptical Raptor’s Blog (2013, October 6).  Peer_review [image].  Retrieved from

Week 08: Lifelong learning

3679437433_8fd50932a1_zTechnology has enabled skills of lifelong learning for all. There are ways to incorporate technology into all subjects, as can be seen through the embedding of information and communication technology (ICT) capabilities across the Australian Curriculum (ACARA, 2014). Many skills may be learnt through game-type interfaces which removes the feel of learning for students. As a student myself when learning technology, I don’t necessarily feel like I am learning when I am ‘playing’ with new applications or software.

However, it is this ability to remove the difficulty from learning that may provide the biggest benefit for students of all ages. Certainly, lifelong learning can be undertaken by anybody, anywhere at any time (LLCQ, 2013) in a way that suits them. Internet searching enables the finding of information on just about any topic of interest. Spend enough time, 10,000 hours is suggested by McGonigal (2010), and you can become on authority on any subject you desire.

Lifelong-learningBy providing students with a love of learning using technology, teachers enable them to continue their education outside of structured schooling systems. They are able to become more knowledgeable about topics of interest and improve skills required for participation in a digital workforce. Their skills and knowledge will ensure they know how to keep up with advancing technology, no matter what they do or where they are.


Weekly Task:  Create a Prezi in relation to global citizenship.  I chose to focus on BandAid.


Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority (ACARA) (2014). The Australian curriculum. Retrieved from

Commence (2010, November 17). 3679437433_8fd50932a1_z [image]. Retrieved from

Getler, A. (2013, April 8).  Lifelong-learning [image].  Retrieved from

Lifelong Learning Council Queensland Inc (LLCQ) (2013). What is Lifelong Learning? Retrieved from and

McGonigal, J. (2010, February). Jane McGonigal: Gaming can make a better world [Video file]. Retrieved from

Tracy, B. (n.d.).  Commit-yourself-to-lifelong-learning [image].  Retrieved from

Week 07: Digital blurring

Is there any longer a line between our schooling, working and social environments? Physically, the answer is probably yes. However, digitally, the answer is not so clear.

Personally, I know that skills I learnt during post-high school education are still useful to me today in both my work life and study. Skills I have learnt at work serve me well in my study and my ability to quickly learn new software for personal reasons.

As educators, can we use this principle to teach students? Jane McGonigal (2010) would emphatically say ‘yes’. However, careful consideration should be given to the learning outcomes that are desired. Teachers should not be using technology just for the sake of engaging the students, although this is a valid consideration when lesson planning.

Yes, digital technologies used in gaming can transfer to more structured educational settings. But many of these gaming worlds are not suitable for student use. However, this is not to say that blurring the digital lines between gaming and education is not possible. Software programs such as MineCraftEdu (, developed with teacher input, could be used in geography for mapping purposes in place of paper and pencils.


So, while the lines may be there today, they are definitely blurring. Will they eventually disappear altogether?

Weekly Task:  Create a Sploder game.


AsapSCIENCE (2013, May 17).  The new periodic table song (in order) .  Retrieved from

McGonigal, J. (2010, February). Jane McGonigal: Gaming can make a better world [Video file]. Retrieved from

Trend Hunter Inc. (n.d.).  Educational-video-games [image].  Retrieved from

Week 06: Digital fluency

Digital fluency may be more natural for digital natives, but teachers will need to ensure their digital fluency is of a reasonably high level. In order to increase the digital fluency of students, a teacher’s own skills come under examination. This is not to say that the skills of students cannot be utilised in the classroom. On the contrary, collaboration and peer instruction will improve the skills of all involved.

digital-fluency-130214100710-phpapp01-thumbnail-4But how does digital fluency develop? Through constructed learning or through trial and error? Initially, exposing students to a variety of technology will provide them with digital literacy skills. Howell (2012) recommends exposure to various programs and applications including word processing, animations, podcasts, blogging and web design. By building skills that can be used in a variety of programs and applications, the digital fluency of students increases.

In some instances, students with previous exposure to certain programs may have a higher fluency level than the teacher. In this instance it is probably in the interests of both teacher and students to use that fluency to provide instruction to others, including the teacher. By doing this, a collaborative environment is established with the aim of increasing the digital fluency of all concerned.

Weekly Task:  Create a Scratch animation.


Howell, J. (2012). Teaching with ICT. Sydney, NSW: Oxford University Press.

Rosenthal Tolisano, S. (2013, February 14).  digital-fluency-130214100710-phpapp01-thumbnail-4 [image].  Retrieved from

Week 05: Ditigal information

digital-marketing-2014Digital information comes in many formats including text, graphics, audio and video. Possibly the only consistency is that they are accessible via digital technology. How best do you determine what information is valuable? How do you determine what will be useful and appropriate for classroom use?

Online search tools supply a multitude of digital resources. Every resource should be evaluated for appropriateness and quality. For example, the Scootle website ( has links directly to the Australian Curriculum, but each activity or lesson plan must still be assessed for relevancy in your own classroom for your own students.

AssessmentCircleSo how do we assess the quality of digital resources? One way would be to create an assessment rubric based on criteria such as the author/producer, the type of resource, the appropriateness for the intended audience and recommendations by other users. Education Services Australia (2012), recognising the need to assess the intrinsic value of digital resources in an educational setting, has produced value standards establishing benchmarks for the purpose of assessing the intrinsic value of digital resources.

However, digital information is all about context. In the end, it may come down to what appeals to each of us individually – the beauty of having such a diverse range of digital resources available.

Weekly Task:  Create a Pinterest board to display various types of digital information.  I created one on the Periodic Table as this is a subject currently of interest to my children.


Digital Information World (2014, January 4).  Digital-marketing-2014 [image].  Retrieved from

Education Services Australia (2012). Educational value standards for digital resources. Retrieved from,_access,_ed_reqs/technical,_accessibility_and_educational_req.html on 11 April 2014.

Week 03: Digital security

Digital identities are a necessary part of the collaboration and interaction made easy by Web 2.0 technology. While it may be easy to fill in your user profile in applications such as Facebook and Twitter, what is the cost of doing so?

digital_securityThe logging of personal information opens up the possibility of providing hackers or fraudsters with enough information to steal your identity. This risk may be increased if an application’s default settings are to make public all information. For example, Facebook users with an average of 130 friends may provide access for up to 16,900 other users.

So how do you protect your information? Non-participation is simply not an option for many people in the under 30 age group. Temporary solutions include “no-technology” challenges asking youth to disconnect from technology for varying periods.

By checking a program’s privacy settings and, for example, refusing the ability to be tagged by people you don’t know, you are limiting the ability of others to access your personal information. By judiciously choosing what information you complete, and only providing information that is necessary, your digital security is increased.

Digital security does not need to be onerous or complicated; but should be considered each time you are asked to provide information. How much do you want the world to know?

Take a look at your own exposure to identity theft by taking the test offered by Privacy Awareness Week.


Weekly Task:  Summarise news article focusing on cyberbullying, scams, identity theft or Facebook.  See my article summary here.


CNN Money (2011, July 11). digital_security [image] retrieved from on 14 April 2014.

Privacy Awareness Week (2014).  ID theft tool.  Retrieved from

Week 04: Digital divide


Although much of the focus of the digital divide is between developed and developing countries, it is evident that a digital divide exists within our own education system. Schools are increasingly using computers however, those students without access to technology and the internet outside of school are still disadvantaged.

Barrett (2014) points out in her report (New test evaluates student digital literacy) that by 2016 all NAPLAN testing will be conducted on line. How does this benefit students? How will students with limited technological experience cope when they are already under pressure to perform? How much time will teachers be expected to spend teaching basic computer use to those students in order for them to complete such testing?

While it may seem advantageous to provide laptops for student use, the advantage, or equality, is removed immediately a student leaves the school wi-fi network if they do not have internet access at home. Similarly, for students in remote locations, their only option may be to travel away to school.

technology-is-changing-thumb[cropped]While there are many groups helping to bridge the digital divide between developed and developing nations, there also needs to be a focus on reducing the digital divide in education in Australia. In today’s digital world, it is increasingly important that all students have an equal opportunity to participate.

Weekly Task:  Infographic on digital divide (see image top of post).


Barrett, R. (2014, March 14). Computer literacy tested in schools amid concerns of digital divide. Retrieved from

Computer Ethics (2010, November 28). digital-divide-267×300 [image]. Retrieved from

Hannielledill (2010, November 29). digital-divide3-767283 [image]. Retrieved from

Lyon World Web Capital (2012, February 22). DigitalDivide-une-460×250 [image]. Retrieved from

Privacy Awareness Week (2014).  technology-is-changing-thumb [image] [cropped].  Retrieved from

University English: the blog for ESL students (2011, November 4). eba78ced8f89 [image]. Retrieved from

User Generated Education (2012, May 18). 2012-05-18_0833 [image]. Retrieved from

Which-50 (2014, March 10). diggy-divide [image]. Retrieved from

Wittmann, Peter (2014). 448970340_640 [image]. Retrieved from

World Resources SIM Center (2012, August 16). 1_-_whats_the_digital_divide_1 [image]. Retrieved from

The Digital Divide


It is interesting to note that the digital divide is not just a difference in the ability to connect to the internet and other technology. There is also a digital divide between those who are technologically savvy, and those who lack experience and expertise. These differences can be seen between developed and developing nations. It can also be seen within nations such as ours.

In Australia, there is a divide between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians and their ability to connect technologically. There is also a divide between those with access to cable technology and those in more remote areas (read almost everywhere outside a capital city).

This discrepancy ensures that those in the right place are those with the best opportunities in the digital world. Does this mean that everyone should move to the city to access this technology? If so, where would our farming products come from? Do those of us who live in remote areas send our children to the city to access such technology?

Australia has replaced analogue technology with digital for mobile phones and television. Does it provide better access for those in remote locations? This was a considered outcome prior to the rollout, but has it eventuated? Personal experience leaves me no choice but to accept that there are limitations to digital reception, particularly behind mountains and during stormy weather.



Wittmann, Peter (2014). 448970340_640 [image]. Retrieved from

Computer Ethics (2010, November 28). digital-divide-267×300 [image]. Retrieved from

Hannielledill (2010, November 29). digital-divide3-767283 [image]. Retrieved from

User Generated Education (2012, May 18). 2012-05-18_0833 [image]. Retrieved from

Which-50 (2014, March 10). diggy-divide [image]. Retrieved from

University English: the blog for ESL students (2011, November 4). eba78ced8f89 [image]. Retrieved from

World Resources SIM Center (2012, August 16). 1_-_whats_the_digital_divide_1 [image]. Retrieved from

Lyon World Web Capital (2012, February 22). DigitalDivide-une-460×250 [image]. Retrieved from